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Ground HogWoodchuck

Groundhog biology

Groundhogs (Marmota monax)are rodents, and adults average 8-10 pounds. They give birth in spring to 3-6 young. They can live up to six years in the wild. They are primarily herbivorous, eating a wide variety of plants.

Groundhog behavior

Grounhogs are diggers. They excavate tunnels and burrows underground, in which they live and raise young. The tunnel may have up to five entrances and 50 feet of total tunnel distance. They create a den to live in, and to hibernate in. They are primarily active during the daytime. They can climb and swim, but they mostly stay in fields, foraging. When they sense danger, they retreat for the tunnel. Woodchucks can create a wide variety of vocal noises. They grow fat during the summer, lethargic by autumn, and in winter, they hibernate. They emerge in spring and start the mating process.

Nuisance concerns

Groundhogs are considered agricultural pests, since they love to eat a wide variety of crops. However, their burrowing habits often cause a bigger problem. Horses can break their legs by stepping into burrows, and when a groundhog digs under a house or deck, the removal of soil can undermine the foundation.

Groundhog diseases

No important diseases associated with groundhogs.

How do I get rid of groundhogs?

The best method is trapping and removal. If you simply block off their holes, they will dig them out again. They can't be poisoned. They can be live trapped in cage traps or caught in lethal body grip traps.

Can't I just use a repellent?

Many people try various repellents to get rid of groundhogs - everything from mothballs to fox or coyote urine. However, none of these are effective. The only sure means of woodchuck control is trapping and removal.

Ask about our Home Protection Plan, this is the best protection we can provide to control pests in and around your home. Pests are a constant threat to your home environment and with on-going inspection, treatment and correction of conducive conditions, All County can provide a much better living environment for you and your family.

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Pest Library

Professional Affiliations

NPMA New-York-State-Pest-Management-Association  mahopac  MSA LOGO Logo Transparent somersCC

Service Areas

Putnam County

Westchester County

Dutchess County

Contact Us

  • Phone:
    888-905-4798
  • Address:
    5 Veschi Lane South
    Mahopac, NY 10541

Integrated Pest Management